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Название: Mechanical-thermal characteristics of foamed ultra-lightweight composites // Magazine of Civil Engineering. – 2020 № 6 (98)
Авторы: Huynh T.-P.; Ho H.-T.; Bui P.-T.; Do H.-D.; Nguyen T.-S.
Выходные сведения: 2020
Коллекция: Общая коллекция
Тематика: Строительство; Строительные материалы и изделия; composites; ultralight composites; foam composites; mechanical-thermal characteristics; microstructures; cements; compressive strength; композиты; сверхлегкие композиты; вспененные композиты; механико-термические характеристики; микроструктуры; цементы; прочность на сжатие
УДК: 691
ББК: 38.3
Тип документа: Статья, доклад
Тип файла: PDF
Язык: Английский
DOI: 10.18720/MCE.98.2
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Аннотация

Turning waste into construction materials recently gets much attention from the researchers in the world due to the advantages of not only the eco-friendly environment but also the positive enhancement of material characteristics. Thus, this study investigates the feasibility of the use of a ternary mixture consisting of cement, ground granulated blast-furnace slag (GGBFS), and fly ash (FA) for producing foamed ultra-lightweight composites (FULC) with the designed dry density of approximately 700 kg/m{3}. The FULC specimens were prepared with various FA/GGBFS ratios (16/24, 20/20, and 24/16) and foaming agent/water ratios (1/60, 1/80, 1/100, and 1/120). The constant water-to-binder ratio of 0.2, cement content of 40 % by mass, and superplasticizer dosage of 0.2 % by mass were applied for all FULC mixtures. Properties of the FULC specimens were evaluated through laboratory tests of compressive strength, dry density, thermal conductivity, water absorption, and thermal behavior following the relevant ASTM standards. Additionally, both the microstructure observation and cost analysis of all FULC mixtures was performed. Test results show that reducing GGBFS content resulted in a reduction in the compressive strength, dry density, thermal conductivity, and cost of the FULC. A similar trend could be observed when reducing the concentration of foam in the FULC mixtures. As the results, the 28-day compressive strength, dry density, thermal conductivity, water absorption, and cost of the FULC were in the ranges of 4.41-5.33 MPa, 716-729 kg/m{3}, 0.163-0.182 W/mK, 41.5-48.5 %, and 15.3-20.9 USD/m{3}, respectively. Furthermore, the FULC exhibited excellent performance under fire conditions as the maximum temperature at the internal surface of the FULC and the normal brick walls were 122 C and 3180C after 120 minutes of firing, respectively. Consequently, both GGBFS and FA had enormous potential for the production of FULC.

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Оглавление

  • Mechanical-thermal characteristics of foamed ultra-lightweight composites
    • 1. Introduction
    • 2. Materials and Methods
      • 2.1. Materials
      • 2.2. Mixture proportions
      • 2.3. Mixing procedure and specimen preparation
      • 2.4. Test methods
      • 2.5. The temperature distribution in the wall by a finite element model
    • 3. Results and Discussion
      • 3.1. Compressive strength
      • 3.2. Microstructure
      • 3.3. Dry density and water absorption
      • 3.4. Thermal conductivity
      • 3.5. The behavior of FULC under fire condition
    • 4. Conclusions
    • 5. Acknowledgment

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