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To investigate the effects of ionic liquids (ILs) on the oxidative combustion characteristics of coal, four types of imidazole ([EMIm][BF4], [BMIm][BF4], [BMIm][NO3], [BMIm][I]) were selected to treat coal samples; pr-[BMIm][BF4] was processed one month ago. The thermogravimetry (TG) experiments and oxidation kinetics analysis methods were employed to study the oxidation characteristics of ILs on coal, such as characteristic temperature, thermal mass loss rate, and oxidation kinetics characteristic parameters. The results showed that the characteristic temperatures of the treated coal samples increased. Among them, the [BMIm][I]-treated coal samples increased cracking temperature (T1), maximum oxidization mass gain (T2), ignition temperature (T3), burnout temperature (T4), minimum thermal rate (Ta), maximum thermal energy (Tb), and maximum thermal rate (Tc) by 33.2, 29.3, 20.7, 42.8, 11.4, 23.0, and 27.9°C, respectively. The increase mass ratio of coal samples treated with ILs increased and decreased at the water evaporation and thermal decomposition stages. The apparent activation energy (Ea) of coal samples treated with ILs increased, and the mechanism function also changed accordingly. These showed that the ILs improved the thermal stability of the coal samples in the stages of absorbing oxygen and increased mass, and the loss of combustion. The ILs caused damage to the molecular structure of the coal, and ultimately effected changes in the combustion performance. In addition, the combustion properties of the coal sample treated before one month were the same, indicating that the [BMIm][BF4] did not weaken the inhibitory effectiveness of the coal sample over time, coal spontaneous combustion could be effectively suppressed.
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International Seminar on Fire and Explosion Hazards (9; 2019; Saint Petersburg, Russia). Proceedings of the Ninth International Seminar on Fire and Explosion Hazards [Электронный ресурс]: 21-26 April 2019, Saint Petersburg, Russia. Vol. 2 / Peter the Great St. Petersburg Polytechnic University, Autonomous Non-Profit Organization "Fire and Explosion Safety", Gefest Holding Ltd ; [edited by A. Snegirev [et al.]. — Электрон. текстовые дан. (1 файл : 98,7 Мб). — Saint Petersburg, 2019. — Загл. с титул. экрана. — Свободный доступ из сети Интернет (чтение, печать, копирование). — Adobe Acrobat Reader 7.0. — <URL:http://elib.spbstu.ru/dl/2/k19-97.pdf>. — <URL:http://doi.org/10.18720/SPBPU/2/k19-97>.
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