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Title: Ratio of national and international interests of the states in the Arctic // Арктика: история и современность: труды ежегодной международной научной конференции, Санкт-Петербург, 18-19 апреля 2018 года
Creators: Semenova Kristina
Organization: Peter the Great St. Petersburg Polytechnic University
Imprint: Санкт-Петербург: ПОЛИТЕХ-ПРЕСС, 2019
Collection: Общая коллекция
Document type: Article, report
File type: PDF
Language: English
DOI: 10.18720/SPBPU/2/id19-120
Rights: Свободный доступ из сети Интернет (чтение, печать, копирование)

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This article analyzes the experience of the Arctic states in securing their territorial rights to the Arctic. Various legal documents are being explored in which the polar states indicated the boundaries of their Arctic sector, studying the legal experience of the Russian Federation, Canada, Norway, Denmark and the USA on protecting their Arctic possessions, analyzing the main directions of international cooperation in the Arctic region, the role of the concept of the polar sectors in the delimitation of the Arctic spaces by polar states. Also, the article explores the mutual influence of legal actions and legal experience of the polar states on the development of each other's Arctic legislation. For example, the activity of the Canadian government in the Arctic region prompted the Soviet government to take more resolute actions to strengthen its positions in the Arctic in the first quarter of the 20th century.Based on the analysis of various legal documents and legal experience of the Arctic states on securing their territorial rights in the Arctic, recommendations are given on improving the international legal regime of the Arctic and preventing possible geopolitical conflicts in the Arctic region, taking into account the interests of the international community and the polar powers. On the one hand, each Arctic state has its own national territorial interests in the Arctic region. On the other hand, with the adoption and dissemination of the 1982 United Nations Convention on the Law of the Sea, Arctic subjects have significantly increased the number of subjects of international law that have territorial and economic interests in the region. In view of these circumstances, it seems to the Arctic states that it is necessary to unite their efforts to protect their territorial and environmental interests in the Arctic.

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