Title: The shear behavior of CFRP strengthened RC beams // Magazine of Civil Engineering. – 2020 № 6 (98)
Creators: Al-Rousan R.
Imprint: 2020
Collection: Общая коллекция
Subjects: Строительство; Строительные конструкции; reinforced concrete beams; reinforced beams; carbon fiber; beam shear; structural strength; bending strength; reinforced polymers; железобетонные балки; усиленные балки; углепластики; сдвиг балок; прочность конструкций; прочность на изгиб; армированные полимеры
UDC: 624.01
LBC: 38.5
Document type: Article, report
File type: PDF
Language: English
DOI: 10.18720/MCE.98.10
Rights: Свободный доступ из сети Интернет (чтение, печать, копирование)

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The primary objective of this paper is to study the effectiveness of using externally applied CFRP composites as a method of shear strengthening. The parameters investigated in this study included CFRP amount and distribution (i. e., sheet versus strips), bonded surface (i. e., web sheet versus U-wrap), and fiber orientation (i. e., 90 fiber direction versus 45 fiber direction). Firstly, a novel Nonlinear Finite Element Analysis (NLFEA) model is created and validated. Then, five RC beams (150x225x1500 mm) have been constructed. The overall behavior of the NLFEA beams loaded up to failure, the onset of the cracking, and crack development with increased load and ductility were described. The NLFEA results showed that externally bonded CFRP increased the shear capacity of the strengthened RC beams significantly depending on the variables investigated. The beams strengthened with 90 CFRP U-wrap sheet provided a large increase in the ultimate load carrying capacity compared to beams strengthened with 90 CFRP web strips of 50 mm width. Decreasing the spacing between the strips is also efficient, while using 45 strips rather than 90 strips does not produce a remarkable increase in the shear capacity. The externally bonded CFRP can increase the shear capacity of the beam significantly by 34-62 % than that of the control beams, depending on the variables investigated. The inclination of the primary shear crack influenced the shear strength contribution of the external strengthening. Finally, an inclusive assessment of the NLFEA results, as well as three other well-known shear strength models, is conducted using a large test database. It is shown that the proposed shear strength, Chen and Teng, and the Chen et al. models give consistently good correlation with test data with an acceptable coefficient of variation as well as ACI Model shows unsatisfactory performance probably owing to its empirical nature and the use of an inappropriate model for the effective FRP bond length.

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Table of Contents

  • The shear behavior of CFRP strengthened RC beams
    • 1. Introduction
    • 2. Methods
      • 2.1. Beam Description
      • 2.2. Description of Non-linear Finite Element Analysis (NLFEA)
      • 2.3. Validation Process
    • 3. Results and Discussion
      • 3.1. Failure Mode
      • 3.2. Load-deflection behavior
      • 3.3. Concrete compressive strain
      • 3.4. Steel tensile strain
      • 3.5. Crack opening behavior
      • 3.6. Comparison of NLFEA with theoretical models
    • 4. Conclusions

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