Title: Poly(ethylene terephthalate) composite material with modified fly ash filler // Magazine of Civil Engineering. – 2021. – № 1 (101). — С. 10103
Creators: Zaichenko N. M.; Nefedov V. V.
Imprint: 2021
Collection: Общая коллекция
Subjects: Строительство; Строительные материалы и изделия; fly ash; modified sulfuric acid; composite materials; ethylene terephthalate; radiograph; ash fillers; золы-уноса; модифицированная серная кислота; композиционные материалы; полиэтилентерефталат; рентгенограммы; зольные наполнители
UDC: 691
LBC: 38.3
Document type: Article, report
File type: PDF
Language: English
DOI: 10.34910/MCE.101.3
Rights: Свободный доступ из сети Интернет (чтение, печать, копирование)
Record key: RU\SPSTU\edoc\67048

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Group: Anonymous

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The effect of the fly ash (FA) filler modified by sulphuric acid on the mechanical and physical properties of poly(ethylene terephthalate) composite material (PCM) has been investigated. The results of the presented study can be formulated as follow. The element and oxide composition of original (as received) fly ash is affected by the modification of sulphuric acid of 5 % concentration. At the same time, the variations in the particle size distribution of filler can be observed. In particular, the modified FA filler has an increased content of fine particles. The XRD pattern of as received fly ash indicates the presence of both crystalline (25 %) and amorphous phases (75 %) while XRD pattern of FA after chemical modification points to the fact that the content of crystalline phase has been increased up to 40 % but the content of amorphous phase has been decreased up to 60 %. The results of mechanical and physical properties of PCM with various content of unmodified fly ash filler (55, 60, 65, 70, and 75 %) indicate that compressive and flexural strength tends to rise with increasing concentration from 55 to 65 percent. In the certain case when the fly ash filler is modified by sulphuric acid of 5 % concentration, the values of compressive and flexural strength of PCM at 65 % FA loading is higher than compared with PCM on the base of unmodified filler. The strength gain may be attributed to the increasing crystallinity in the recycled poly(ethylene terephthalate) (rPET) matrix of the composite material as the fly ash content is increased. The XRD, DTA/TGA data of pure rPET and PCM are in conformity with the results of mechanical and physical properties of PCM.

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Table of Contents

  • Poly(ethylene terephthalate) composite material with modified fly ash filler
    • 1. Introduction
    • 2. Materials and methods
      • 2.1. Materials and methods
      • 2.2. Processing
    • 3. Results and Discussion
      • 3.1. Physical properties and oxide composition of modified fly ash
      • 3.2. Mechanical and physical properties of PCM
      • 3.3. Phase analysis of pure rPET and PCM
      • 3.4. Thermal analysis of the rPET and PCM samples
    • 4. Conclusions
    • 5. Acknowledgement

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