Title: Influence of Chemical Kinetics on Detonation Initiation by Temperature Gradients in H₂/air and CH₄/air Explosions // Proceedings of the Ninth International Seminar on Fire and Explosion Hazards. Vol. 2: 21-26 April 2019, Saint Petersburg, Russia
Creators: Wang С.; Qian С.; Liu J.; Liberman M.
Organization: Beijing Institute of Technology; Stockholm University
Imprint: Saint Petersburg, 2019
Collection: Общая коллекция
Document type: Article, report
File type: PDF
Language: English
DOI: 10.18720/SPBPU/2/k19-5
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Understanding the mechanisms of explosions is essential for the development of safety measured and for minimizing devastating hazards. Due to the complexity of real chemistry, a one-step reaction model has been often used for theoretical and numerical studies. In this paper we compare conditions for the detonation development from the spontaneous wave in a hot spot for a one-step model with that obtained for detailed chemical models. It is shown that for detailed chemical models conditions required for the detonation development from the spontaneous wave in a hot spot are more limited than that for the use of simplified chemical models. In particular, the minimum hot spot size capable of producing a detonation calculated with the detailed chemical model is at least an order of magnitude larger than that predicted by a one-step model even at high initial pressures. The impact of a detailed chemical model is particularly pronounced for the methane/air mixture, where not only is the hot spot size much greater than that predicted by a one-step model, but the initiation of detonation by the hot spot with a temperature gradient is possible only if the ambient temperature outside the gradient is above 1100 K.

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