Title: Structure and properties of mortar printed on a 3D printer // Magazine of Civil Engineering. – 2021. – № 2 (102). — С. 10206
Creators: Mukhametrakhimov R. Kh.; Lukmanova L. V.
Imprint: 2021
Collection: Общая коллекция
Subjects: Строительство; Строительные материалы и изделия; concretes; cements; building solutions; 3D printing; additive manufacturing; compressive strength; sand-cement mortars; бетоны; цементы; строительные растворы; 3D-печать; аддитивное производство; прочность на сжатие; песчано-цементные растворы
UDC: 691
LBC: 38.3
Document type: Article, report
File type: PDF
Language: English
DOI: 10.34910/MCE.102.6
Rights: Свободный доступ из сети Интернет (чтение, печать, копирование)
Record key: RU\SPSTU\edoc\67113

Allowed Actions: Read Download (0.6 Mb)

Group: Anonymous

Network: Internet


The influence of the molding process of sand-cement mortar printed on a 3D printer on its structure and properties is investigated. The mortar mix was characterized by a mobility Pk = 2, which corresponds to an immersion depth of the etalon cone of 5 cm. Determination of compressive strength was carried out on standard samples of beams with dimensions of 40х40х160 mm by loading them on a press in pure compression mode. Water absorption was defined as the ratio of the difference between the mass of a water-saturated sample and the mass of a dried sample to the mass of a dried sample. The porosity of the hardened mortar samples was determined by the results of determining their density, water absorption and sorption moisture. Defects of the sand-cement mortar mix and hardened composites, formed by the extrusion (3D printing), were determined by the visual and instrumental methods using a measuring metal rule. It is shown that the raw mixes currently used (similar to accepted in experimental studies) are not adapted for their extrusion (3D printing), as reflected in the appearance of various defects - different layer thicknesses, crushing of the underlying layers, cracks, skew of the mixture, inhomogeneous structure of the hardened composite, mix spreadability, high porosity. It was found that the molding of the studied sand-cement mortar by the extrusion (3D printing) leads to increased total pore volume by 10 %, open capillary pore volume by 22 %, conditionally closed pore volume by 9 %, microporosity by 8 %, reduction in open non-capillary volume by 65 % compared to the traditional injection molding samples of a similar composition with further compaction. This leads to a decrease in compressive strength by half compared with the injection molding method with further compaction, and an increase in water absorption by 22 %. Based on the results, the directions of improving the raw mixes for 3D printing are determined.

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Table of Contents

  • Structure and properties of mortar printed on a 3D printer
    • 1. Introduction
    • 2. Materials and Methods
    • 3. Results and Discussion
    • 4. Conclusions
    • 5. Acknowledgements

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